The overall aim of this project is to examine city systems and co-design practical pathways towards a sustainable port city of Mombasa. This aim will be achieved by addressing 3 broad objectives; namely,
- To conduct a situational analysis of the key drivers of urban form,
- To predict future trajectories based on business as usual scenarios,
- To envision, prototype and mainstream smart and sustainable future pathways.
The Miji Bora project intents at understanding challenges facing Mombasa city and how they can be addressed, and facilitate learning exchange among policy makers, urban researchers and other stakeholders through peer to peer exchange between the city of Mombasa and eThekwini municipality in Durban to facilitate knowledge transfer.
Aligning with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's) & Targets
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are high-level goals for a better planet, ranging from no more poverty and education for all to protection of the climate, the land and the oceans. On the other hand, the new urban agenda represents a shared vision for a better and more sustainable urban development.
Smart and sustainable cities are therefore key to reaching both sustainable development goals and the new urban agenda. In this sense, the Mijibora project aim to support and promote the county government of Mombasa to build a smart and sustainable, in line with social, economic and environmental sustainability principles. Three broad objectives including situational analysis, predicting future trajectories and prototyping guide all the activities implemented. These broad objectives are based on the interaction between SDG 11 (Sustainable cities and communities), SGD 3 (Good health and wellbeing), SDG 6 (Clean water and sanitation), SDG 13 (climate action) and SDG 15 (Life on land).
Examining key urban drivers such as water, sanitation, waste disposal, urban ecological footprints, and transport which address SDG 11 (Target 11.2, 11.6 and 11.7). SDG 11 tries to address the quality of life in cities and how cities draw on and manage the natural resources available to them. In the end the county government of Mombasa should be able to build urban resilience and improve the sustainability of urbanization processes needed to protect the environment and mitigate disaster risk and climate change. This activity also links with the new urban agenda for a better and more sustainable future – one in which all people have equal rights and access to the benefits and opportunities that cities can offer.
Predicting future trajectories through climate change lens address SDG 13 (Target1, 13.2 and 13.3). This activity will predict the expected impacts of climate change; particularly sea level rise and map out areas that will be flooded for different future climate scenarios. The other project activity addressing SDG 13 is estimating urban carbon footprint (CF) for Mombasa through use of satellite and local data. A more in-depth understanding of the CF is crucial in order to deepen the understanding of policy applications at the local level. In the end, CF information will help to improve the air quality (SDG 3) which in turn, means healthier populations that can more productively contribute to the economy.
Exchange learning between Mombasa county and eThekwini municipality in Durban is intended to provide pathways and solutions to how for example natural ecosystems can become a part of the economy to provide support for infrastructure and protection of residents. Through the Community Ecosystem Based Adaptation (CEBA) which involves poor communities restoring their natural ecosystems, creating cleaner and greener neighbourhoods, and so participating in and benefitting from the development of a new sector of the green economy within Mombasa. This activity is linked to several SDGs including: SDG 1 (No poverty) as poor communities will be able to create income generating activities through the green economy, SDG 3 (Good health and wellbeing) though clean environment and SDG 15 (Life on land) as residents are engaged to green/revegetate/restore identified areas in solid waste management and recycling.